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coup d’état

Also known simply as a coup (koo), it is the illegal and overt seizure of a state by the military or other elites within the state apparatus. A coup d’état is considered successful when the usurpers seize and hold power for at least seven days.

Although the coup d’état has featured in politics since antiquity, the phrase is of relatively recent coinage; the Oxford English Dictionary identifies it as a French expression meaning a “stroke of state”. The phrase did not appear within an English text before the nineteenth century except when used in translation of a French source, there being no simple phrase in English to convey the contextualized idea of a “knockout blow to the existing administration within a state”.

coup-d-etat-a-practical-handbookTypically, a coup d’état uses the extant government’s power to assume political control of the country. In Coup d’État: A Practical Handbook, military historian Edward Luttwak says: ‘A coup consists of the infiltration of a small, but critical, segment of the state apparatus, which is then used to displace the government from its control of the remainder’, thus, armed force (either military or paramilitary) is not a defining feature of a coup d’état

According to Clayton Thyne and Jonathan Powell’s coup dataset, there were 457 coup attempts from 1950 to 2010, of which 227 (49.7%) were successful and 230 (50.3%) were unsuccessful. They find that coups have “been most common in Africa and the Americas (36.5% and 31.9%, respectively). Asia and the Middle East have experienced 13.1% and 15.8% of total global coups, respectively. Europe has experienced by far the fewest number of coup attempts: 2.6%.”

 

Chronological History of Coup’s

 

Turkish Military Coup: Coup, False Flag, or Psyop Dry-Run?

As Sibel Edmonds predicted nearly a year prior, the deep state coup against Erdogan finally materialized on July 15th, 2016…but it fizzled out almost as quickly as it arrived. So what are we to make of this would-be putsch? Did Erdogan allow it to happen in order to further cement his control on the rebound? Or was this merely a trial run for the real CIA/NATO/Gulenist coup yet to come? And what role do the Turkish people play in all of this? Was U.S.-based and CIA-backed Mullah Fethullah Gülen (shown) behind the July coup attempt, as President Recep Erdogan, Turkey’s ...
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Security Week computer security analyst Jesus Oquendo published an article titled “Microsoft, the CIA and NSA Collude to Take Over the Internet”

Clever security researchers have uncovered the biggest security Coup d'état on the planet. Microsoft, the NSA, the CIA have all been colluding to create the most bloated covert piece of malware known to exist for 5 years [1] undetected. Microsoft decided somewhere along 2006 and 2007, that it was willing to throw away half of their market share (128 billion) in allowing this to occur [2]. Let us begin to analyze how this occurred. Obviously the NSA, CIA and others involved had to determine a mechanism to get the right talent hired at Microsoft. Not a big deal, the ...
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The Wall Street Bailout: A Financial Coup d’etat

The Emergency Economic Stabilization Act and Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP), commonly referred to as a “bank bailout,” authorized the US Secretary of the Treasury to spend $700 billion (actually spent more than double that) of taxpayer dollars to purchase distressed assets, especially mortgage-backed securities (MBS). Instead, the funds were given to foreign and domestic banks to offset their risky MBS, OTC derivatives and other losses. The bank bailout set a precedent of socializing losses but keeping gains private. The Act effectively bound the fate of the U.S. Treasury to that of the largest U.S. financial institutions. The six largest bailed ...
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The Secret Bailout of JP Morgan: How Insider Trading Looted Bear Stearns and the American Taxpayer

The mother of all insider trades was pulled off in 1815, when London financier Nathan Rothschild led British investors to believe that the Duke of Wellington had lost to Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo. In a matter of hours, British government bond prices plummeted. Rothschild, who had advance information, then swiftly bought up the entire market in government bonds, acquiring a dominant holding in England’s debt for pennies on the pound. Over the course of the nineteenth century, N. M. Rothschild would become the biggest bank in the world, and the five brothers would come to control most ...
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US Sponsored Coup d’Etat in Haiti: An Armed Insurrection to Unseat President Aristide via a Carefully Staged Military-Intelligence Operation

US Sponsored Coup d'Etat in Haiti: An armed insurrection which contributed to unseating President Aristide as a result of a carefully staged military-intelligence operation, involving the US, France and Canada. The 2004 coup had set the stage for the installation of a US puppet government in Port au Prince, which takes orders directly from Washington. Following the destabilization and replacement of the President, the US kept 10,000 armed soldiers there, increasing to 20,000 following the 2010 earthquake, likely a man-made quake. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xl9ZqDhX2c4 by Michel Chossudovsky The Rebel paramilitary army crossed the border from the Dominican Republic in early February ...
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CIA Orchestrates Coup to Oust Venezuala’s President Hugo Chavez, but Coup Fails

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8BXcD-9Fkvg The April 2002 coup attempt against President Chavez represented the perhaps most important turning point of the Chavez Presidency. First, it showed just how far the opposition was willing to go to get rid of the country’s democratically elected president. Up until that point the opposition could claim that it was merely fighting Chavez with the political tools provided by liberal democracy. Afterwards, the mask was gone and Chavez and his supporters felt that their revolution was facing greater threats than they had previously imagined. A corollary of this first consequence was thus that the coup woke up ...
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9/11 False Flag Attacks on the World Trade Center & Pentagon

As another anniversary of the September 11, 2001 attacks passes, the official version continues to be drummed into the American psyche, even though it is almost totally untrue. The attack on 9/11 was a carefully planned government black operation, with a corresponding cover-up of the mountains of evidence that only point to government control and involvement throughout the attack. Fortunately, the 9/11 truth movement is now led intellectually by scientists and other professionals, as shown by the emergence of various organizations, including Architects and Engineers for 9/11 Truth, Firefighters for 9/11 Truth, Pilots for 9/11 Truth, Scholars for 9/11 ...
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The Commodity Futures Modernization Act Signed into Law by President Bill Clinton which Deregulated Derivatives & Brought the World to its Knees 8 Years Later

In the waning days of the 106th Congress and the Clinton administration, Congress met in a lame-duck session to complete work on a variety of appropriations bills that were not passed prior to the 2000 election. There were other, unmet pet priorities of some lawmakers that were under consideration as well. One of those pet priorities was a 262-page deregulatory bill, the Commodity Futures Modernization Act. Tucked into a bloated 11,000 page conference report as a rider, with little consideration and no time for review, this bill would be viewed only eight years later as part of the failure ...
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President Bill Clinton Signs Presidential Decision Directive 25 & Declares it Classified. The Summary Issued to Congress Says it Turns Over Control of US Military to UN Command

President Bill Clinton signs Presidential Decision Directive 25, and then declares it classified so the American people can't see what it says. (The summary of PDD-25 issued to members of Congress tells us that it authorizes the President to turn over control of U.S. military units to U.N. command.) U.S. Army Specialist E-4 Michael G. New, a medic in the Third Infantry Division who was drummed out of the military because he refused to wear the uniform of the United Nations writes the following piece on this directive: In 1994, President William Clinton authorized himself to place American soldiers ...
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George Soros Bets Against the UK Pound Profiting $1.4 Billion in a Single Day Almost Destroying the British economy

Hedge fund manager George Soros famously bet against the UK pound. Hedge funds were not yet well known. In a nutshell, Soros believed that the British Pound was overvalued and was headed for a devaluation. So, he borrowed over ten billion Pounds in a 'Go for the jugular' move. He then immediately converted the Pounds into German Marks. When the markets learned about Soros’ actions, other traders followed suit. This run on the Pound triggered a devaluation. Soros then used his Marks to buy back the now devalued Pounds and pocketed $1.4 billion profit. All in one day. Soros ...
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Tiananmen Square Political Protests and Massacre in Beijing, China

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Gtt2JxmQtg Most people in the western world remember the Tiananmen Square Massacre this way: 1) Students protest for democracy in Beijing, China, in June of 1989. 2) Chinese government sends troops and tanks to Tiananmen Square. 3) Student protesters are brutally massacred. In essence, this is a fairly accurate depiction of what happened around Tiananmen Square, but the situation was much longer-lasting and more chaotic than this outline suggests. The protests actually started in April of 1989, as public demonstrations of mourning for former Communist Party Secretary General Hu Yaobang. A high government official's funeral seems like an unlikely ...
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The US Invasion of Grenada: A CIA Coup

The Grenadian leader, Maurice Bishop was deposed and executed on October 19, 1983. Six days later the US invaded, with the proffered reason that the American medical students studying in the Grenada were in danger due the Cuban presence. The CIA installed a new leader supported by the US. The following is from Canadian author Richard Sanders first published in May 2002, prior to the onslaught of the Iraq war, carefully documents the History of War Pretext Incidents. For decades, Eric Gairy dominated the tiny British colony of Grenada. Gairy “a vicious dictator…[was] the only Caribbean leader to maintain diplomatic ...
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Iranian Hostage Crisis: A Covert CIA Operation to Stall the Iranian Revolution & Spearhead the Political Demise of Jimmy Carter

The following article first published in 1995 is based on extensive documentation collected by Fara Mansoor, a prominent Iranian intellectual. The Real Iranian Hostage Story from the Files of Fara Mansoor By Harry V. Martin | Free America, 1995 Fara Mansoor is a fugitive. No, he hasn’t broken any laws in the United States. His crime is the truth. What he has to say and the documents he carries are equivalent to a death warrant for him, Mansoor is an Iranian who was part of the “establishment” in Iran long before the 1979 hostage taking. Mansoor’s records actually discount ...
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Did Hillary Clinton Commit Fraud in Her First Cattle Futures Trade where She Turned $1000 Investment into a $100,000 Phenomenon in Under 10 Months?

On October 11, 1978, the future First Lady Hillary Clinton, a neophyte investor with an annual income of $25,000, opened a commodity-futures account with a deposit of $1,000. Her first trade was the short sale of ten live-cattle contracts at a price of 57.55 cents a pound: a commitment to deliver in December of that year 400,000 pounds of cattle with a market value of $230,200. One day later, she bought the contracts back at a price of 56.10 cents, just 0.15 cent above the low of the day, pocketing $5,300 for a return of 530 per cent. Mrs ...
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The CIA-Backed Pinochet Coup in Chile (Sponsored by Pepsi Cola, ITT, & Chase Bank) Overthrowing (Killing) Democratically-Elected Socialist President Salvador Allende

The Pinochet Coup in Chile where a democratically-elected Chilean government under President Salvador Allende was overthrown in a brutal coup organized by the Chilean military with the backing of the CIA. General Pinochet soon emerged as the leader of the military junta which immediately engaged in gross repression against supporters of the previous government and other suspected opposition figures, while all political activity was banned. At least 3,000 people were killed, most executed, died under torture, disappeared, or were “disappeared”. Allende had been elected with 36 percent of the vote in September 1970 elections and appointed President of a Popular Unity government ...
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The Watergate Break-In: A CIA Coup to Overthrow US President Richard Nixon

On June 17, 1972, a group of burglars, carrying electronic surveillance equipment, was arrested inside the Democratic National Committee offices at 2650 Virginia Avenue, NW, in Washington, D.C., the Watergate building complex. The men were quickly identified as having ties to the Nixon reelection campaign and to the White House. Though at the time the incident got little attention, it would snowball into one of the biggest crises in American political history, define Richard Nixon forever, and drive him out of the White House. Most historical accounts judge Nixon responsible in some way for the Watergate burglary — or ...
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France Exercises their Option Under Bretton Woods to Exchange Paper Notes for Gold so the US Suspended the Gold Convertibility of the Federal Reserve Notes

France looked at the huge pile of paper notes sitting in their vaults, for which real French products like wine and cheese had been traded, and notified the United States government that they would exercise their option under Bretton Woods (agreement following WWII) to return the paper notes for gold at the $35 per ounce exchange rate. Of course, the United States had nowhere near the gold to redeem the paper notes, so on August 15th, 1971, Richard Nixon "temporarily" suspended the gold convertibility of the US Federal Reserve Notes. This caused the dollar to plunge by some 40 ...
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Paul McCartney of ‘The Beatles’ Dies and is Replaced with a Double by MI5?

In the fall of 1969, a persistent rumor that Paul McCartney had been killed two years earlier and replaced with a look-alike captured the imaginations of Beatles fans and the general public. Clues began to appear on album covers and in music, a lookalike contest was held after the alleged death date but no winner was ever announced, but more conclusively, a team forensic scientist in Italy concluded that he was replaced in 1966 consisting of Francesco Gavazzeni and Gabriella Carlesi, who conducted a biometrical analysis of Paul pre and post 1966. After setting out to prove the 'Paul is Dead' ...
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The Bay of Pigs Invasion: A Failed Attempt to Invade Cuba by the CIA. Did JFK Lose His Nerve or Did the CIA Sabotage the Mission to Force JFK Into a Full Invasion of Cuba?

The failure of the invasion of Cuba in April, 1961 by 1500 CIA-trained anti-Castro expatriates is generally attributed to President Kennedy's loss of nerve at the critical moment, when he cancelled the air strikes which were supposed to incapacitate Castro's air force.  As a result, more than a hundred men were killed, the rest surrendered, and the Cuban exiles in America never forgave Kennedy for this "betrayal." Kennedy did assume full public responsibility for what he too considered a disaster, as he should have.  Privately, though, he blamed the CIA, and fired the three top men in the agency ...
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The CIA-Directed Murder of Patrice Lumumba, the First Elected Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of Congo who Sought Independence from Belgium

US plans to eliminate Patrice Lumumba went as high as the President himself. On August 25, 1960, a subcommittee of the National Security Council known as the Special Group met. Thomas Parrott, the secretary of the Group, began the meeting by outlining the CIA operations that had been taken by ‘mounting an anti- Lumumba campaign in the Congo,’ and the meeting ended with the group “not necessarily ruling out any particular kind of activity which might contribute to getting rid of Lumumba.”[28] The very next month, CIA Station Officer Victor Hedgman received a cable from Bronson Tweedy, the Deputy ...
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Operation Ajax: The CIA / MI6 Coup to Overthrow the Democratically-Elected Government of Iran and Replace It with a Controlled Dictatorship

Operation Ajax (Declassified in 2013 / censored in 2012?) was a covert operation by the US and British intelligence agencies to topple Iran's first democratically-elected government and replace it with a controlled dictatorship by posing as communists to plant bombs and threaten Iranians opposed to democratically elected people who didn’t support Mohammad Mossadegh. It was also retaliation for the 1951 strike and revolt of the Iranians against BP Oil and to keep Iran from remaining as a nationalized oil producer. The operation included false-flag terror that resulted in the deaths of some 300 people. In the end, BP regained its ...
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The Zionist State of Israel is Created Fulfilling Biblical Prophecy? Or Was it an Elaborate Scam?

In the late 1800s a small, fanatic movement called “political Zionism” began in Europe. Its goal was to create a Jewish state somewhere in the world. Its leaders settled on the ancient and long-inhabited land of Palestine for the location of this state. Palestine's population at this time was approximately ninety-six percent non-Jewish (primarily Muslim and Christian). Over the coming decades Zionist leaders used various strategies to accomplish their goal of taking over Palestine: Encouraging Jewish immigration to Palestine, partly through the invention of such deceptive slogans as "a land without a people for a people without a land," ...
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The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is Formed

The CIA is accountable to the president through the NSC (also formed at the same time) — there is no democratic or congressional oversight. Its charter allows the CIA to "perform such other functions and duties… as the National Security Council may from time to time direct." This loophole opens the door to covert action and dirty tricks. In its first year of existence, CIA agency operatives help the Mafia seize total power in Sicily and it sends money to heroin-smuggling Corsican mobsters in Marseille to assist in their battle with Communist unions for control of the city's docks ...
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The 1933 ‘Business Plot’: Smedley Butler Blows the Whistle on a Group of Wealthy Industrialists and Bankers Planning a Coup to Overthrow FDR & the Government

An outstanding Major General of the Marine Corps, Smedley Butler, became involved in a controversy known as the Business Plot, when he told a congressional committee that a group of wealthy industrialists (including Goodyear, US Steel, JP Morgan, Heinz, and Maxwell House) were planning a military coup to overthrow the US government & FDR, with Butler selected to lead a march of veterans, install a Fascist dictatorship ruled by business magnates with a private army of half a million US soldiers. However this coup was disrupted by Butler’s integrity and willingness to be one of the military industrial complex’s first whistle-blowers. The individuals involved ...
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Louis McFadden Introduces Impeachment Resolution for the Federal Reserve Traitors who Colluded to Cause the Great Depression and Steal $80 Billion from the US Gov’t

Louis McFadden introduced House Resolution No. 158, Articles of Impeachment against the Secretary of the Treasury, two Assistant Secretaries of the Treasury, the Federal Reserve Board of Governors, and officers and directors of the Federal Reserve Banks for their guilt and collusion in causing the Great Depression. "I charge them with having unlawfully taken over 80 billion dollars from the United States Government in the year 1928, the said unlawful taking consisting of the unlawful recreation of claims against the United States Treasury to the extent of over 80 billion dollars in the year 1928, and in each year ...
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